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It was found that despite the pathophysiological differences, most of the clinical characteristics, quality of life and mortality were similar.

El tabaco rnfermedades reconocido como uno de los principales factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de EPOC. Worldwide burden of COPD in high- and low-income countries.

Effect of indoor air pollution on the respiratory system of women using different fuels for cooking in an urban slum of Pondicherry. Biofuels, air pollution, and health. Indoor women jobs and pulmonary risks in rural areas of Isfahan, Iran, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in non-smokers.

Risk of COPD from exposure to biomass smoke: Biomass smoke inhalation creates an inflammatory chronic state, which is accompanied by metalloproteinases activation and mucociliary mobility reduction.

Natl Med J India. In this review, the differences between COPD caused by tobacco and biomass were explored. Therefore, there is an urgent need for carefully conducted, randomized field trials to determine the actual range of potentially reachable contamination reductions, the probability of use and the long term benefits of reducing the global burden of COPD.



Global and regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors. Changes in fuelwood use and selection following electrification in the Bushbuckridge lowveld, South Africa. Biomass fuels and respiratory diseases: Matrix metalloproteinases activity in COPD associated with wood smoke.

Obstructive lung disease and exposure to burning biomass fuel in the indoor environment. Chronic exposure to biomass fuel is associated with increased carotid artery intima-media thickness and a higher prevalence of atherosclerotic plaque. Household air pollution from solid fuel use: The health effects of indoor air pollution exposure in developing countries. This could explain the existing association between biomass exposure and COPD, revealed by observational and epidemiological studies from developing and developed countries.

Amsterdam, September 25, Comparison of lung morphology in COPD secondary to cigarette and biomass smoke. Summary of risk assessment. The burden of obstructive lung disease BOLD initiative.

A major environmental cause of death. Zhang J, Smith KR. Wood smoke exposure, poverty and impaired lung function in Malawian adults.

enfermedades obstructivas y restrictivas pdf – PDF Files

The effect of smoke inhalation on pulmonary surfactant. Alternative projections of mortality and disability by cause Oxidative stress, DNA damage, and inflammation induced by ambient air and wood smoke particulate matter in human A and THP-1 cell lines. In the last ten years there have been interventions to reduce the biomass smoke exposure by using improved stoves and cleaner fuels.

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Global burden of disease and risk factors. Experimental wood smoke exposure in humans. However, these strategies have not yet been successful due to inability to reduce contamination levels to those recommended by the World Health Organization as well as due to the lack of use. Pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive; Biomass; Risk factors source: Increased platelet and erythrocyte arginase activity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associated with tobacco or wood smoke exposure.

WHO Air quality guidelines for particulate matter, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide: Improved biomass stove intervention in rural Mexico: World Health Organization; COPD and chronic bronchitis risk of indoor air pollution from solid fuel: Int J Tuberc Lung Dis.

Birth weight and exposure to kitchen wood smoke during pregnancy in rural Guatemala. Respiratory health effects of indoor air pollution. Reduced lung function due to biomass smoke exposure in young adults in rural Nepal. Abstract In this article, the relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD and biomass smoke will be discussed.

Evidence for links to CVD. Global Burden of Disease Study. Indoor carbon monoxide and PM2.